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Continuum Calibration

The description above assumes that the source signal comes only from the (so-called) signal sideband. This is of course not true for continuum radiation. If we neglect spectral index effects, one can derive the proper calibration of a continuum source from the description above. $Tcal$ should be multiplied by

\frac{1}{1 + Gain\_i * e^{(Tau\_s - Tau\_i) * Air\_mass}}
\end{displaymath} (15)

Similarly for spectral line observations, if you are interested in the image band, $Tcal$ should be multiplied by

e^{ (Tau\_i - Tau\_s) * Air\_mass} / Gain\_i
\end{displaymath} (16)

Gildas manager 2014-07-01