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ASTRO interface

The SET ATM 1985|2009|OLD|NEW command switches the ATM version and the ATM command computes the atmospheric parameters. In ATM 1985, the atmosphere properties other than temperature, pressure and humidity, are fixed while they can be changed for ATM 2009 through the following SIC variables with their default values, their units and their definitions

  ATM%PROFILE%TYPE      MIDLATSUMMER        Atmospheric type
  ATM%PROFILE%HUMIDITY         1.000 [%]    Ground relative humidity (indicative)
  ATM%PROFILE%WVSH             2.000 [km]   Water vapor scale height
  ATM%PROFILE%TLR             -5.600 [K/km] Tropospheric lapse rate
  ATM%PROFILE%TOP             48.000 [km]   Upper atm. boundary for calculations
  ATM%PROFILE%DP              10.000 [hPa]  Primary pressure step
  ATM%PROFILE%DP_FACTOR        1.200 []     Pressure step ratio between two consecutive layers
The other input parameters of the ATM command are the following SIC variables
  TEMPERATURE      Outside temperature
  ZERO_PRESSURE    Pressure at sea level.
  AIRMASS          Number of air masses
  WATER            Precipitable water vapor
  FORWARD_EFF      Forward efficiency
  GAIN_IMAGE       Receiver gain ratio
  TREC             Receiver temperature
  FREQ_SIG         Signal frequency (in GHz)
  FREQ_IMA         Image frequency (in GHz)
These variables can be assigned using the LET command. The remaining input variable
  ALTITUDE         Site altitude
is modified by the OBSERVATORY command. The output of the ATM command consists in the following variables
  TRUE_PRESSURE    Local pressure, derived from the site altitude and
                   the sea level pressure by the scale height of 5.5 km
  TSYS             The system temperature in the signal sideband
  TAU_H2O          The water vapor opacity
  TAU_O2           The dry atmosphere opacity (mostly due to Oxygen,
                   but minor constituents like Ozone may also play a role)
  TAU_TOT          The total opacity: H2O + O2 (+ minor components for new ATM versions)
  EMIS_SIG         The atmospheric emission (Kelvin) in the signal side band
  EMIS_IMA         The atmospheric emission (Kelvin) in the image sideband
  PATH_SIG         The atmospheric excess optical path length (mm)
                   in the signal sideband
  PATH_IMA         The atmospheric excess optical path length (mm)
                   in the image sideband
These variables can then be used to produce plots of atmospheric transparency, system temperatures, etc...

Gildas manager 2014-07-01